Common Name: NIGHTSHADE Habit: Annual to shrub, vine or not, prickly or not, often glandular.Leaf: alternate to +- opposite, often unequal, entire to deeply pinnately lobed.Inflorescence: panicle or umbel-like, often 1-sided.Flower: calyx +- bell-shaped; corolla +- rotate, white to purple (yellow), lobes generally of different … Inflorescence with 4-12 flowers, corolla deeply 5-lobed; 8-9 mm diameter, white to pale purplish, anthers form a central cone. White or purple- tinged flowers are about 0.25 inch in diameter. ... Solanum adscendens sonoita nightshade Solanum aethiopicum Ethiopian nightshade Solanum americanum American black nightshade Solanum anguivi . The decoction from the dried leaf showed fungicidal activity in vitro against Candida neoformans7. Caracas Venezuela: Editorial Instituto Farmacoterápico Latino S.A. p132. The corolla is white with 5 spreading or reflexed lobes, and the bright yellow stamens are clearly visible. Chromosomes: n=12. This plant is a dark green, slender-branched, hairless annual growing as tall as 3 feet. Flower: calyx 1--2 mm, lobes in fruit recurved; corolla 3--6 mm wide, deeply lobed, white; anthers 1.4--2.2 mm; style 2.5--4 mm. These images are of the more delicate type with unlobed leaves, some fruits erect, rudimentary tiny spines on lines on stem, less angular stems. 8 CACERES A, LOPEZ BR, GIRON MA, LOGEMANN H, 1991 Plants used in Guatemala for the treatment of dermatophytic infections. In parts of the US Solanum nigrum berries are made into pies. Abstracts CD52. On ripening they turn SHINY black. New plants can emerge from seed or roots. The hydroalcoholic extract from the dried leaf (10%) showed activity against Trypanosoma cruzi, Leishmania mexicana and Entamoeba histolytica, but not against Leishmania brasilensis9. Its fruit are usually very glossy in appearance and turn black or purplish-black as they mature. It is in the Solanaceae, or nightshade, family along with common garden plants such as pepper, potato, and eggplant. Laboratorio Central de Farmacología, Facultad de Ciencias Médicas "Dr. Salvador Allende", La Habana, Cuba. Solanum americanum grows up to 1–1.5 metres (39–59 in) tall and is an annual or short-lived perennial. TRAMIL Research20 (will be translated in 3rd Ed.). Fruit a berry with numerous seeds, globose, shiny, dark green or brownish-black to purplish-black, 4–9 mm in diameter, rarely contains stone cells, deciduous. © Copyright 2017 TRAMIL all rights reserved. Pharmacy Word Cong, Washington DC, USA. In most regions, Solanum americanum fruits are considered inedible but Kipsigis children in Kenya eat the ripe fruits and also in the border region between south-eastern Zimbabwe and Mozambique the sweet fruits of local varieties are much appreciated The gently pointed oval leaves have smooth margins. Informe TRAMIL. Grupo de Productos Naturales, Facultad de Ciencias Químicas y Farmacéuticas. 7 COONEY G, BUCKLEY H, BRICKUS T, CACERES A, 1991 Fungicidal activity of Solanum plant extract from Guatemala, C.A. Afinidad 56(484):393-396. Seed: 1--1.5 mm. Quart J Crude Drug Res 15:165-192. S. scabrum is often confused with S. americanum but S. scabrum has thicker stems, larger rounded leaves and larger fruits (Manoko and Weerden, 2004). Starr-150401-0119-Solanum americanum-flowers green fruit leaves-West Beach Sand Island-Midway Atoll (24904561289).jpg 4,608 × 3,456; 3.92 MB Starr-150403-1471-Solanum americanum-fruiting habit-Near Pier Eastern Island-Midway Atoll (24647191724).jpg 4,608 × 3,456; 5.91 MB Should there be a notable worsening of the patient’s condition, or should abnormal vaginal discharge persist for more than 7 days, seek medical attention. Fruit a shiny purple-black … Three kilograms of green Solanum nigrum were once fed to a horse without any hazardous results. p315. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. are prolific seed producers which may produce seed throughout the year. Centro al Servicio de la Acción Popular CESAP, Caracas, Venezuela. A las 4 horas se retiró el parche y se hicieron observaciones para las lecturas de eritema y edema a las 24, 48 y 72 horas, no evidenciándose ningún signo clínico, por lo que la decocción de hoja fresca se encuentra en la categoría no irritante. Blooms in the summer with white star-shaped flowers up to 1 cm in size. 6 VICTORIA AE, 1980 Investigación farmacológica de la acción hipoglucemiante de la hoja de Solanum nigrescens Mart & Gal.   aerial parts, aqueous maceration, bath2,   ripe leaf, cut at the end of or after fruition, decoction, applied in vaginal washes1,   aerial parts, crushed, applied locally2. Its color is green when it was young and dark purple when it was old. Informe TRAMIL. Found in: Weedy in disturbed areas, fields, roadsides, wasteplaces, edge of woods; forest or natural area. 2 DELENS M, 1990 Encuesta TRAMIL en Barlovento, Edo. Informe TRAMIL. 5 CACERES A, ALVAREZ AV, OVANDO AE, SAMAYOA B, 1991 Plants used in Guatemala for the treatment of respiratory diseases. Root systems can be fairly … El estudio histológico de los órganos no mostró lesiones. El extracto acuoso (decocción) 20% de hoja seca, intravaginal (2 mL/24 h durante 5 días), a coneja Nueva Zelanda (3 hembras), modelo de irritabilidad vaginal, mostró irritabilidad vaginal mínima al estudio histopatológico. American Black Nightshade, Common Nightshade, Black Nightshade (Solanum americanum) drying fruit ... Photo (color adjusted and cropped by htop) courtesy of Forest and Kim Starr. TRAMIL Research18(will be translated in 3rd Ed.). 17 LOPEZ M, MARTINEZ MJ, MOREJON Z, BOUCOURT E, FERRADA C, FUENTES V, MORON F, 2005 Irritabilidad dérmica primaria de una decocción de hoja seca Solanum americanum Mill. Annual herb; leaves alternate, simple, smooth margined; flowers small, white, 5-parted; fruit a glossy, black berry. Black nightshade, poison berry, yerba mora (Solanum nigrum)Common or American nightshade (Solanum americanum)Silverleaf nightshade, desert nightshade, western or white horse nettle (Solanum elaeagnifolium)Horse or bull nettle, Carolina horse nettle, Sodom apple (Solanum carolinense)Hairy nightshade (Solanum … Although a type specimen of S. sancti-thomae has not yet been seen, the plant habit and tiny flowers described in the protologue suggest conspecificity with S. americanum. Solanum Nigrum seed is round flat, small and … Mérida, México: Inst.Tecn.Agrícola Henequenero. 13 MORTON J, 1977 Some folk-remedy plants of Central American markets. The aqueous extract from the aerial parts (20%), lyophilized and prepared as an ointment, was locally applied to rabbits, and evidenced no skin irritability11. Fruit a berry 5-8 mm diameter, globular, glossy black to purple-black, stone cells present, often copious. The hydroalcoholic extract (70%) by intraperitoneal administration to mice was anticonvulsant and depressant of the central nervous system10. 1. Boiling may break down solanine but drying does not. No provocó ninguna alteración ni irritación durante el periodo de 11 días de observación. Common name(s) Glossy Nightshade. Stems smooth but sometimes with soft prickles.  Leaves alternate, ovate,14 x 7 cm, blade narrowed to the stalk, apex acute or acuminate, margins sinuate, dentate; inflorescence racemes, umbelliform; corolla white 5-9 mm in diameter; fruit a globose shiny, black, berry, 5-7 mm in diameter; seeds 1-1.5 mm wide. Solanum americanum (Smallflower Nightshade) (Alien) has very small flowers (3 - 6 mm wide) and glossy fruit; Solanum douglasii (Douglas Nightshade) (Native) has larger flowers that do not fold back; Solanum nigrum (Black Nightshade) (Alien) has shorter anthers and is a smaller plant; Cambridge, USA: Harvard Univ Press. La hoja fresca macerada en agua, vía tópica (5.5 mL de una preparación de 91.4 mg material vegetal/mL)en el modelo de irritación dérmica en piel sana de 3 conejosNew Zealandpor 5 días consecutivos. Solanum Species: americanum Family: Solanaceae Life Cycle: Annual Country Or Region Of Origin: North America and South America Distribution: Throughout; Whole Plant Traits: Plant Type: Herb Native Plant Poisonous; Fruit: Fruit Color: Black Fruit Type: Berry Fruit Description: glossy, black berry. The calyx lobes are reflexed in mature fruit. Laboratorio Central de Farmacología, Facultad de Medicina “Dr. Solanum americanum, auct. Informe TRAMIL. Solanum ptycanthum Dunal N. eastern black nightshade. 1. 11 SANCHEZ LM, BULNES C, PEREZ P, RODRIGUEZ A, NOA M, GINORIO C, GOMEZ BC, 2003 Actividad antibacteriana, cicatrizante y útero-estimulante de Solanum americanum Miller. American black nightshade (Solanum americanum) ripe fruit American black nightshade (Solanum americanum) is an annual, or short-lived perennial, wildflower that is native to the United States. Nausea, vomiting, salivation, drowsiness, abdominal pain, diarrhea, weakness, respiratory depression; may be fatal. This species has long gone by the name Solanum americanum in regional literature. However, that species is restricted (in this country) to the southern … All our plants have a shiny black fruit and the calyx conspicuously reflexed in the fruit so I keep the name Solanum americanum based on FLA. A more complete list of … The aqueous extract from the aerial parts (20%), lyophilized and prepared as an ointment, was topically applied to ulcerous udder of cows, and to open wounds of mice and rabbits, and evidenced more healing and regenerative activity than the control vehicle, also confirmed by the histopathological study.  Healing was completed on day 9 with the semisolid formula and on day 14 with the aqueous formula11. In Africa all species of sect. Fitoterapia 53:147-162. Seeds 1.0-2.5 mm long, semi-glossy buff to pale orange-yellow or dark yellow, obovate to broadly obovate, sometimes circular, asymmetric, strongly compressed. (macuy, quilete o hierba mora). The information provided is for educational purposes only for the benefit of the general public and health professionals. Contamination or additional infection Solanaceae, or nightshade, family along with common plants. As same as mangosteen, but it is not intended to take place! 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