Insights has redefined the way preparation is done in UPSC civil service exam. Sarnath. Buddhism (Notes+MCQ) PDF Download Contains Study Notes and 140+ Solved MCQ. The stupa was about 60 feet in diameter at the base and was a low dome mounted on a low cylindrical drum. This large, ruined stupa was initially built in the 4th and 6th centuries as a terraced temple during the Gupta period. The Mauryan period represents the third major period in the Indian cultural history after the prehistoric times and Indus valley period. Kesariya Stupa has a circumference of almost 400 feet (120 m) and raises to a height of about 104 feet. It marks the deer park or Rishipattana where Buddha gave his first sermon. As per an inscription dated 1026 AD, recovered from the site, its older name is Dharmachakra Stupa. Stupa The stupa consists of a cylindrical drum and a circular anda with a harmika and chhatra on the top which remains consistent throughout with minor variations and changes in shape and size. The Dharmarjika and Dhamekh stupas at Sarnath and the Dharmarajika stupa at Taxila belong to this period and an important stupa is located in Sanchi. The first construction of the Stupa is dated to the 3rd century BCE. In ancient times, this place was known by many names such as Isipatana, Rishipatana, Mrigadava and Mrigadaya. The brick core of the great stupa of Sanchi was built in Ashoka’s time. Chaukhandi Stupa is a Buddhist stupa in Sarnath, located 8 kilometres from Cantt Railway Station Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India.Stupas have evolved from burial mounds and serve as a shrine for a relic of the Buddha. Popular Courses. Stupa have an immense significance in Buddhism as the early stupas contained a part of Buddha's ashes. The Dhamekha stupa is located at Sarnath, 13 km away from Varanasi. 'Stupa' is a Sanskrit word which means a 'mound'. The compilation is based on the NCERT textbook ‘An Introduction to Indian Art’ – Part 1. UPSC GS 1 Main 2016 : Early Buddhist stupa art, while depicting folk motifs and narratives successfully expounds Buddhist ideals. It is an important form of Buddhist architecture… Sarnath is a place located 10 kilometres north-east of Varanasi city near the confluence of the Ganges and the Varuna rivers in Uttar Pradesh, India. Elucidate. Only for Civil Service Aspirants. The site was declared to be a monument of national importance by the Archaeological Survey of India in June 2019. OGP InstaClasses- Classroom Program - 2021 (Online) OGP InstaClasses - Classroom Program - 2021 (Offline - Bangalore) Integrated Prelims cum Mains (IPM) Program - 2021; Gautam Buddha and Buddhism (Notes+MCQ) PDF Download. During the early phase of Buddhism, Buddha is depicted symbolically through footprints, stupas, lotus throne, chakra, etc. The founder of Buddhism was Gautam Buddha, was born as Siddhartha. He died at the age of 80 in 483 BCE at a place called Kushinagara a town in UP. Chaukhandi Stupa is one of the important Buddhist Stupas at Sarnath and a popular tourist site in Uttar Pradesh. Buddha gave his first sermon in the village of Sarnath, near the city of Benares in UP. dhamek stupa upsc Dhamek Stupa (also spelled Dhamekh and Dhamekha, traced to Sanskrit version Dharmarajika Stupa, which can be translated as the Stupa of the reign of Dharma) is a massive stupa located at Sarnath, 13 km away from Varanasi in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India.. ASI Sites Include- (1) Sarnath, (2) the Buddhist relics at Chaukhandi Stupa, (3) Kushinagar and the Mahaparinirvana Temple, (4) Piparahwa and (5) Shravasti. Chaukhandi Stupa, Sarnath, Uttar Pradesh. The word Sarnath comes from a corruption of the name Saranganatha (lord of deer). This event is known as Dharma-Chakra-Pravartana (turning of the wheel of law). Kesariya – Kesariya Stupa is a Buddhist stupa in Kesariya, located at a distance of 110 kilometres from Patna, in the Champaran (east) district of Bihar, India. Most of the information here is presented in a bullet-point format. Life of Gautama Buddha. It is believed to have evolved from a centuries-old burial mound. In this post, we bring you the important aspects of the arts of the Mauryan Period. The event is known as Mahaparinibban. ; Siddhartha was born in 566 BC at Lumbini (now falls in territory of Nepal) in the Sakya clan of Kshatriya.