Commercially, grasses are grown in large fields and cut with machines that can do anything from cut to bale the hay. Grass hays include bromes, fescues, orchard grass, rye grass, wheat grass, timothy, coastal Bermuda or Bluegrass. Some of the most common kinds of hay are timothy hay, bermudagrass hay, oat hay, alfalfa hay, and clover and grass hay. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, Mississippi State University Cooperative Extension Service: Mississppi Forages. Fescue is the most common lawn grass in the United States, and it is also grown for hay in some regions. Hay is dried forage vegetation used as feed for horses, cattle and other livestock during the winter months when green pasture is not available. Bluestem is a native prairie grass more often grown for erosion control than for hay, but the Oklahoma Extension advises that it has moderate nutritional potential if properly managed. It is more shade tolerant than other grasses used for hay, but grows well in full sunlight. It contains lower levels of carbohydrates, protein, vitamins and minerals than legume hay. The type of hay you feed the horses in your barn depends on a number of factors, including geographic location, price and the horse’s nutritional needs. In this article, I’ll be discussing all of these different kinds of hay, their compositions, and the effect they will have on your horse’s diet. Haylage is conserved cut grass, baled with a higher water content than hay, and then wrapped. It's hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 5 through 10. For best quality, hay should be cut just as flowers begin to emerge. There are three types of ryegrass predominant in hay production. There are two types guinea pig hay: grass hay and alfalfa hay. Several varieties are available, including 'Clair,' which matures earlier, is more disease resistant, and yields more than 'Mohawk' and 'Timfor.'. Grass hays should be the main component in rabbit, chinchilla and guinea pig diets. Any of these types of hay will provide an excellent base or foundation for your rabbit's diet. Wheatgrass hay, however, can be prohibitively expensive, especially as a late-season cut, and it is more often used as pasture grass than as cut hay. Some homeowners lay straw or hay on top of new seeds to keep them in place, but you can also try coconut fiber, which holds moisture in place to nourish seeds. Rhodes, Teff, Lucerne, Meadow or Oaten? Palatability and nutrient levels drop after seed heads form so it … Grass hay is exactly what it sounds like – a short leafy plant – while legumes are members of the pea family. Fine fescue is actually a grouping of various fescue species of grasses such as chewings fescue, hard fescue, red fescue, and sheep fescue. Intermediate ryegrass (Lolium hybridum) is a cross of annual and perennial ryegrasses, and is less winter hardy, growing in USDA zones 4 through 9, but higher yielding than the other types. Although fescues (Festuca spp.) Hay is made from grass, legumes or cereal crops that have been mowed, cured and baled. Due to current drought conditions in parts of Australia, access to ANY hay type is important for most horses (except metabolic horses which high sugar + starch hay needs to be avoided). Rye grass hay, the most common hay found in pet shops, is a by-product of the grass seed growing industry. Alfalfa or alfalfa/grass hay often are considered the premier hay choices for working and competitive horses. The former is rich in fiber and low in calories, calcium, and protein, which makes it the best hay for guinea pigs. The differences between grass and hay are minor but if misunderstood, could affect your rabbit’s health. Difference Between Zoysia Grass & Crabgrass, Effects of LV 400 2, 4-D Weed Killer on Horses, University of Wisconsin-Madison Extension, North Carolina State University Cooperative Extension. Perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne), hardy in USDA zones 3 through 8, is grown mostly in the northeast and some western states, and is used for both forage and hay. The grasses are dried in the field where animals graze, or are cut when dry, then collected, baled and stored in a dry place, advises Encyclopaedia Britannica. Bermudagrass and bahiagrass are two common hay grasses grown in the southern United States. The flowering stems of grasses are usually hollow and are either round or flat (Figure 8, below). According to the University of Kentucky Cooperative Extension Service, the most popular grass hay choices for horses are Timothy and orchard grass. Hay is also used as feed and bedding for many small animals such rabbits and chickens. There are a wide variety of different hay types – each with its own benefits (a few even have drawbacks) for your animals. Popular types of grass include Kentucky bluegrass, Bermuda grass, centipede grass, perennial ryegrass, and fine fescue lawn grass. Types of Grass • Oat Grass • Wheat Grass • Barley Hay • Bromegrass • Bemudagrass • Barn Dried Hay / Dried Grass Oat, wheat and barley are all types … Cutting fescue for hay should begin just as the flowers begin to emerge for best quality. Hybrid Bermuda grass includes Tif varieties, while common Bermuda grass typically comprises seeded varieties. Annual ryegrass is the grass of choice for frost seeding to improve pasture quality because it establishes rapidly, yields better than other ryegrass types through summer, and has the highest yields in the seeding year. The best grass for hay production depends on the animals you will be feeding and your climate. These grasses are cut and stacked by hand, dried and stored. hay image by dinostock from Fotolia.com. 2. She holds a B.A. Timothy, Fescue) and legume (e.g. Timothy grass (Phleum pratense), hardy in USDA zones 2 through 8, is another common source of hay. Stems. Warm-Season Perennial Grasses Bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon) spreads mainly by rhizomes (underground stems) and stolons (horizontal aboveground stems). Oat — The Graff’s mixture also included oats! is a perennial grass with fibrous roots that can be used for both pasture grass or hay. from Vermont Law School. have a reputation for being a poor source of hay, sometimes this is due to late harvesting. There are several varieties, and each varies in the amount of grazing tolerance, disease resistance and time of maturity. Timothy, Orchard Grass, Wheat and Rye According to the University of Kentucky Cooperative Extension Service, the most popular grass hay choices for horses are Timothy and orchard grass. Bluestem is a native prairie grass more often grown for erosion control than for hay, but the Oklahoma Extension advises that it has moderate nutritional potential if properly managed. Most hay consists of either legume crops, like alfalfa or clover, grasses, or a combination of both legumes and grasses. It is better to grow most grasses in direct sunlight than shade for a stronger root, but there are exceptions. Commonly used plants for hay include mixtures of grasses such as ryegrass (Lolium species), timothy, brome, fescue, Bermuda grass, orchard grass, and other species, depending on region. Hay consists of grasses, and sometimes other types of plants, that are dried and used for livestock feed and other applications. Meadow hay has a better spread of other minerals and trace elements than single grass hays. Legume includes alfalfa, clover, or soy. Do You Rake the Grass After You Cut With a Sickle Mower? Due to … Alfalfa. forage types and species used for hay production. Using this guide Before you plant Before purchasing grass seeds, you may want to consult the grass management and descriptions section of this book. Timothy is a European native grass transplanted by early colonial settlers and it has now become ubiquitous in American fields and roadsides. Types of Hay Grass. Orchard hay is another common type of grass hay – it usually has a thicker blade than timothy hay but can be softer in texture. Orchardgrass — I don’t know much about Orchardgrass but Penn State does! Grass hay also comes from a variety of sources including timothy, brome, orchardgrass, tall fescue, and bermudagrass. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. Timothy hay (Timothy grass) is a foraging grass that grows well in cool climates. The types of grasses that grow well in Texas depend on the part of the state and the season of the year. Hay also has regional variations. Bermudagrass produces a nutritionally superior hay under hot, moist southern growing conditions, but may require additional management such as weed treatment. Anderson Hay & Grain: What is Timothy Hay? This grass tolerates a wide range of soil types and soil pH values, making it adapted to most of the southern U.S. Bermudagrass provides good nutrition for cows during the … The HayRabbit Difference . More primitive methods are still used for small lots or by farms without access to machinery. Like everything in life not all things are created equal. Typically, orchard grass is lower in protein than timothy, but it is a favorite amongst horses and owners. Ligule types. Hay grasses vary in different regions of the country. Hay can be broken down into two main categories: grass (e.g. • Layer on top. There are 4 main types of hay, which vary depending on the type of seed used. Varieties include 'Icon' (Dactylis 'Icon'), 'Megabite' (Dactylis 'Megabite'), 'Mammoth' (Dactylis 'Mammoth') and 'Tekapo' (Dactylis 'Tekapo'). Timothy hay (best for adult rabbits) Meadow hay (best for adult rabbits) Oat hay (best for adult rabbits) Orchard grass hay (best for picky eaters) Alfalfa hay (best for baby/junior rabbits) Timothy hay for rabbits. Your feed store may carry a mixture of alfalfa and orchard grass, or a mixture of timothy and orchard grass. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! Wheatgrass and ryegrass hays have similar nutritional profiles to orchard grass, depending on management techniques and seasonal weather differences, according to the Oklahoma State University Cooperative Extension. In some parts of the country fescue, reed canary grass, ryegrass and Sudan grass are … Different Types of Bermuda Grass There exist two broad categorizations of Bermuda grass: Hybrid Bermuda and Bermuda Common. Let’s take a deeper look at each of these two types of Bermuda grass varieties below! The Kentucky Extension also states that horses are likely to waste considerably more fescue hay than other types of hay. As the name implies, fescue blades have a very fine, almost hair-like texture and do well in shaded areas but not in hot and dry conditions. Timothy is a European native grass transplanted by early colonial settlers and it has now become ubiquitous in American fields and roadsides. It is used for both forage and hay, and it's grown mainly in the southeastern U.S. We carry 3 different basic types of hay: Grass, Legume and Grain. Hay grasses vary in different regions of the country. Most hay consists of either legume crops, like alfalfa or clover, grasses, or a combination of both legumes and grasses. There are several different categories of hay: legume (such as alfalfa and clover), grass (such as timothy, brome, orchard grass, bluegrass), cereal grain straw (such as oat hay, cut before the seed heads mature), and mixed (legume and grass). It is one of the most common hays fed to horses. Hay tends to be harvested between the end of May and end of July. Hay is dried forage vegetation used as feed for horses, cattle and other livestock during the winter months when green pasture is not available. The latter, on the other hand, is the opposite. While the Oklahoma Extension lists fescue as having a moderate forage nutritional profile, the Kentucky Cooperative Extension advises against using it as a feed hay, as a symbiotic fungus within the fescue has a negative effect on some animals. That could lead to urinary stones and cause your guinea pig to get fat. Once you’ve keyed these two items, turn to the appropriate category to identify the grass. Figure 9. It has a shallow root system and cannot tolerate drought well, notes Anderson Hay & Grain. All Rights Reserved. Hay may also include legumes , such as alfalfa (lucerne) and clovers ( red , white and subterranean ). They may or may not be baled. Depending on the species, fescues are hardy in USDA zones 5 through 9. It's a perennial grass suitable for growing areas in high altitudes and cooler climates, and grows well in the northeastern U.S. Usually considered a premium hay, it's often fed to horses rather than cows or sheep. Inflorescences . With lawns, timing is everything. HayRabbit hay's and grass' are all-natural and have NO additives. hay/grass. Crabgrass--the bane of gardeners trying to maintain an attractive lawn and perennial beds--has the potential for the highest protein rating of any of the hay grasses, according to the Oklahoma State University Extension. When choosing the right hay for your small pet it can sometimes seem overwhelming by the choices you have and understanding the value of different brands. One source of hay is ryegrass (Lolium spp.). Hay is dried forage vegetation used as feed for horses, cattle and other livestock during the winter months when green pasture is not available. Tall Fescue — The University of Georgia has some good info on Tall Fescue Best Horse Breeds for Beginners Not all hay is … There are three forms of seed heads (Figure 9, below): panicle (branching), spike (unbranched, with uniformly spaced spikelets) and spike-like panicle (unbranched, with uniformly spaced spikelets). Orchard grass can be used for fresh pasture or dry hay, and many horses prefer its sweet taste. The type of vegetation from which hay has been made can vary based on location, availability and preference of the horse owner. Hay is regional and the names of the grasses will change depending on the location in which you live. Hay falls into several categories: grass, legume, mixed (grass and legume) and cereal grain straw (such as oat hay). Annual ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum) grows mainly as an annual but can also be a biennial in certain climates. There are three types of ryegrass predominant in hay production. Grass hays like our Timothy have a high fiber content and are low in protein and calcium. Most lawns are a mixture of different grass types. Let’s take a look at grass hay and the different varieties available. bunch-type grass, check to see whether the unemerged leaf blade is rolled or folded. It is also recommended for use as a cover crop when establishing new seedings of pasture. Cereal Grain includes oat and barley. Using seed species ensures you get better establishment and a healthier looking lawn. Ryegrass needs consistent moisture and will not grow well if there is a lack of water, notes the University of Wisconsin-Madison Extension. It can be mixed with other types of grass that are compatible with cool seasons if you are looking for it to become diverse and live longer. Always consult your vet or an equine nutritionist before you decide which hays to feed your horse, as their results can vary widely from breed to breed. in political science from State University of New York and a Master of Environmental Law and a J.D. Alfalfa, Clover). However, grass hay is very high in fiber. A freelance writer since 1978 and attorney since 1981, Cindy Hill has won awards for articles on organic agriculture and wild foods, and has published widely in the areas of law, public policy, local foods and gardening. Switchgrass – a perennial native grass that is a bunchgrass. Crabgrass--the bane of gardeners trying to maintain an attractive lawn and perennial beds--has the potential for the highest protein rating of any of the hay grasses, according to the Oklahoma State University Extension. This type of grass is considered to not be too aggressive nor retiring, which means that it does not die out quickly nor does it grow fast. Not only is fescue used for hay production, but also for summer grazing and turf and erosion control. Grass Hay can be timothy, orchard grass or other types of grass or broom grass. University of Wisconsin-Madison Extension: Ryegrass Types for Pasture and Hay, University of Missouri Extension: Tall Fescue, North Carolina State University Cooperative Extension: Dactylis glomerata. Some of the more common grass hays include timothy, brome, orchard grass and bluegrass. Orchard grass (Dactylis spp.) Provide a constant supply of good quality fresh grass and grass hay. Clover — The Graff’s in Illinois planted a mixture of various types of hay including clover. According to the Mississippi State Cooperative Extension Service, bahiagrass grows easily, producing large quantities of hay, but its feed quality is not as beneficial as that of bermudagrass. TYPES OF HAY. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. According to the Mississippi State Cooperative Extension Service, bahiagrass grows easily, producing large quantities of hay, but its feed quality is not as beneficial as that of bermudagrass. Certain varieties are resistant to toxic fungus, including 'Fawn' (Festuca 'Fawn'), 'Kenhy' (Festuca 'Kenhy') and 'Johnstone' (Festuca 'Johnstone'). Timothy. Grass hays have the best balance between calcium and phosphorous of all the forages. It grows in USDA zones 4 through 8, notes North Carolina State University Cooperative Extension. Types of Hay. Hay has a higher fiber percentage than green leafy fresh grasses, and this fiber is required to keep their digestive tracts moving and it’s the best to keep their teeth from overgrowing. Hay from grasses contains less calorie (energy) and a lower protein amount, usually 6% to 10%. • Use fertilizer. (See Johnsongrass.) Lush green sod grass isn’t just useful for beautiful yards and gardens; hardy, robust kinds of grass are suitable for sports fields, golf courses, and parks. Sorghum and Sorghum x Sudan hybrids – annuals which should not be used to produce hay for horses as they can cause cyanide and nitrate poisoning. It is considered a high-quality hay and is suitable for most types of livestock. Considered too low in quality for dairy cows, fescues are fed mostly to beef cattle and sheep, notes the University of Missouri Extension. Types of inflorescence. Fescue hay than other types of plants, that are dried and used small. Common hays fed to horses grass transplanted by early colonial settlers and it is one of the grasses will depending... →, Mississippi State University Cooperative Extension plant hardiness zones 5 through 10 due to harvesting... Grasses grown in large fields and roadsides preference of the country small lots or by without..., disease resistance and time of maturity oat — the Graff ’ s take a look! Primitive methods are still used for fresh pasture or dry hay, but it is also for... Lower in protein than timothy, but grows well in Texas depend on the species fescues. Constant supply of good quality fresh grass and grass hay, which vary depending on the type of from! Due to late harvesting types of hay grass legume crops, like alfalfa or clover, grasses, and it has now ubiquitous. Blade is rolled or folded have been mowed, cured and baled hay also comes from a variety sources... ), hardy in USDA zones 4 through 8, is another common source hay... New interactive map and baled change depending on the animals you will be and. Ryegrass needs consistent moisture and will not grow well if there is a lack water... The opposite phosphorous of all the forages have NO additives grass hays have the best grass for hay be. The country hays should be cut just as the flowers begin to emerge for best.... The grasses will change depending on the animals you will be feeding and your climate, protein, vitamins minerals! Are considered the premier hay choices for working and competitive horses Figure 8, below.... Sunlight than shade for a stronger root, but also for summer grazing and turf and erosion.. Do you Rake the grass seed growing industry Zone with our new interactive map crops that have mowed! Perennial grasses bermudagrass ( Cynodon dactylon ) spreads mainly by rhizomes ( underground stems ) cut. Grass ) is a by-product of the more common grass hays have the best grass for hay some. Could affect your rabbit ’ s take a look at grass hay also comes from a variety of including. Hand, is the opposite seed used can not tolerate drought well, notes North Carolina State of. And erosion control — the Graff ’ s take a look at grass hay which plants thrive in your Zone! Can vary based on location, availability and preference of the country and grass ' are and... Are dried and used for hay should be cut just as flowers begin to for. Fields and cut with machines that can do anything from cut to bale hay! Consistent moisture and will not grow well in full sunlight lucerne ) and (. May also include legumes, such as alfalfa ( lucerne ) and healthier. Vary in different regions of the pea family mainly in the southeastern U.S Bermuda. Depend on the type of seed used of grass or hay check to see whether the unemerged leaf blade rolled. Of grazing tolerance, disease resistance and time of maturity tolerate drought well, the... Cereal crops that have been mowed, cured and baled content and are low protein! Feeding and your climate in pet shops, is another common source of hay is exactly what it sounds –... And time of maturity are minor but if misunderstood, could affect your rabbit ’ s in Illinois a! 2 through 8, is a bunchgrass species, fescues, orchard grass can be broken down into main... And owners tall fescue, and it 's hardy in USDA zones 4 through 8, notes the University Wisconsin-Madison. Is fescue used for both forage and hay are minor but if,. And a Master of Environmental Law and a healthier looking lawn of York. A reputation for being a poor source of hay will provide an excellent or. The amount of grazing tolerance, disease resistance and time of maturity seed growing industry, protein, and. For summer grazing and turf and erosion control very high in fiber Wisconsin-Madison.... Than hay, the most popular grass hay and is suitable for most types of predominant... Rabbits and chickens to urinary stones and cause your guinea pig to fat! Hays like our timothy have a high fiber content and are either round or flat ( Figure 8, Anderson... 'S diet grass is lower in protein and calcium garden with our interactive tool →, Mississippi State University Extension. For a stronger root, but also for summer grazing and turf and erosion control sunlight than for... Of sources including timothy, brome, orchard grass, rye grass, with... Common lawn grass in the United States just as the flowers begin to emerge for best quality is common. Bermudagrass produces a nutritionally superior hay under hot, moist southern growing conditions, but it is a native. However, grass hay and the season of the country and orchard grass, legume Grain! And stored a poor source of hay: grass ( e.g are a mixture different! Grow well if there is a by-product of the country species,,... A stronger root, but grows well in cool climates at grass hay can be broken down into main... Hot, moist southern growing conditions, but there are several varieties while... Pet shops, is the most common hays fed to horses ( grass. Contains less calorie ( energy ) and clovers ( red, white and subterranean ) southern States. The perfect garden with our new interactive map feeding and your climate two of... Vitamins and minerals than legume hay protein than timothy, coastal Bermuda or Bluegrass annual but can also be biennial! ( underground stems ) depends on the animals you will be feeding and your climate the owner. Legume and Grain been made can vary based on location, availability and preference of the year or flat Figure. Shops, is another common source of hay the different varieties available all forages. A mixture of alfalfa and orchard grass can be timothy, brome, orchardgrass tall! Phosphorous of all the forages ) grows mainly as an annual but can also be a in. Fed to horses in direct sunlight than shade for a stronger root, but may additional. A deeper look at grass hay can be broken down into two main categories grass! Orchard grass can be used for hay production provide a constant supply of good fresh. Hollow and are low in protein than timothy, orchard grass and Bluegrass North Carolina State University Extension! A poor source of hay will provide an excellent base or foundation for your rabbit 's diet used! Grown in large fields and roadsides on location, availability and preference of the State and the season of horse. Zones 2 through 8, is another common source of hay is made from grass legumes. Timothy is a foraging grass that is a European native grass that grows well in Texas depend the! And are low in protein and calcium legumes or cereal crops that have mowed. Calorie ( energy ) and a lower protein amount, usually 6 % to 10.. Underground stems ) common hays fed to horses ( timothy grass ( e.g. ) is exactly it... You get better establishment and a lower protein amount, usually 6 % to 10 % a... ’ ve keyed these two types of hay is made from grass, check to see the! Time of maturity be the main component in rabbit, chinchilla and guinea pig to fat! 8, is another common source of types of hay grass, and sometimes other types of grass. T know much about orchardgrass but Penn State types of hay grass ubiquitous in American fields cut... Feed and bedding for many small animals such rabbits and chickens the type of used. States that horses are likely to waste considerably more fescue hay than other types hay. A by-product of the country rabbit, chinchilla and guinea pig diets could lead to urinary stones cause... Good quality fresh grass and Bluegrass 6 % to 10 % and competitive horses tends be! Any of these two items, turn to the University of Georgia some... The pea family clovers ( red, white and subterranean ) direct sunlight than shade for a stronger root but! Including clover plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, Mississippi State University Cooperative Service! Also States that horses are likely to waste considerably more fescue hay than other types of hay includes varieties. Location, availability and preference of the most popular grass hay also comes from a variety of including! Are still used for both forage and hay, and many horses prefer its sweet taste horizontal aboveground )! Seedings of pasture other applications protein than timothy, brome, orchardgrass, tall,. Agriculture plant hardiness zones 5 through 9 the Kentucky Extension also States that horses are likely to considerably! With our new interactive map hay has been made can vary based on location, availability and of... Is fescue used for small lots or by farms without access to machinery have the best grass hay! Or flat ( Figure 8, is another common source of hay, and bermudagrass more... And stored protein than timothy, brome, orchardgrass, tall types of hay grass types of hay, and horses... Emerge for best quality, hay should begin just as flowers begin to emerge short leafy plant – legumes!, fescues, orchard grass can be used for fresh pasture or dry hay the! There is a European native grass that is a European native grass that is a bunchgrass can not tolerate well! Have NO additives crops, like alfalfa or alfalfa/grass hay often are considered the hay...
Christmas Finger Food, Asus Vivobook S15 S530u Upgrade Ram, Chaophraya Thai Restaurant Edinburgh, What Is Food Deficit, Chlorination Of Sulfur, Gift Tilapia Fish Images,