Galapagos Islands Penguin Facts for Kids Penguins 101 #penguin #galapagos When we think of Penguins, the equator is not the first place we’d think to find them. 19 Galapagos Islands Animals You Need to See, 1. The Galapagos Islands are one of the most fascinating and mesmerizing places on earth. Sea lion, Galapagos penguin, Giant tortoise, Great white shark, Leatherback turtle, Sei whale. 8 Interesting Facts about the Galapagos . The isles are mainly well known for their wildlife, flightless birds, giant reptiles and wild plant life which play a major part in the earths ecosystem. I even got to go swimming with a young male sea lion – and that was amazing! Here you can browse a collection of images of Galapagos wildlife. Annual Climate Charts from Across Ecuador, Maracuya: Passion Fruit Guide (Taste, 7 Benefits, How to Eat it), Tagua Nut Guide: South America’s Vegetable Ivory (Vegan, Sustainable), What do People in Ecuador Eat? Coordinates, Elevatio... How to Use GoPro as Webcam (3 Steps) Gear, Settings, Mount. Like the noddy tern, frigate birds are kleptoparasitic (steals stuff from other birds) seabirds that would rather not land in the sea. 1. More reading: 7 Crazy Galapagos Lava Lizard Facts. 20 Fun Facts about the Galapagos Islands. GringosAbroad is Ecuador’s largest blog for expats and travelers! It is an endemic species for Galapagos Islands (it cannot be found anywhere else). You can tell male and female Nazca boobies apart by their unique calls – the males whistle and the females honk. Unlike all the cartoon movies we watched as kids, tortoises can’t just jump out of their shells whenever they want. It takes the male 20 minutes to inflate his sac! Highest endemism rate: Due to the islands’ isolations and singular conditions, the Galapagos is home to unique animals that can only be found in the islands. And for mating for life. Lava lizards mainly eat different kinds of bugs, such as ants, beetles, and centipedes. Males hunt in shallow water because their small size and large tail make it easier for them to change direction once in the water. The islands’ marine iguanas are the only lizards that live in the water. Galapagos has active volcanos. Waved Albatross or Galapagos Albatross (Phoebastria irrorata), 7 Facts About Galapagos Sally Lightfoot Crabs, Buyers Guide to the Best Sun Protection Hats, 13 Interesting Facts About Marine Iguanas in the Galapagos, 11 Far Out Facts About the Blue-Footed Booby, 15 Facts About Ecuador’s Vermilion Flycatcher, Great Frigatebird vs Magnificent Frigatebird: 14 Frigatebird Facts. Females lay up to 6 pea-sized eggs in the ground every month (roughly). Just when you thought the blue feet were really something, the Galapagos gives you red feet. Previous: Tortuga Bay, Galapagos: 9 Things to Know Before You Visit (Climate, Location, Safety, Map…), Next: My Visit to Hacienda Santa Ana: Cotopaxi Ecuador [Land of Jesuits & Chagras]. The Galapagos Islands are an amazing place to see fascinating animals, they are everywhere! These hawks return to the same nest every year and are able to live anywhere on the islands (lava fields, forest, mountains, beach…). Galapagos shark gives birth to live young, however, they do not care for the pups after birth. It feeds mostly on rats, marine and land iguanas, locusts, lizards, baby tortoise, and baby sea turtles, and centipedes. In fact, they are endemic to the islands and the only penguins that live north of the equator! You’ve probably heard about the archipelago of islands, famous for inspiring Charles Darwin’s Theory of Natural Selection. 17% of Galapagos fish species are endemic to the Galapagos Islands. They can smell things, such as blood, up to one part per million (that means one drop of blood to one million drops of water!). Some tortoises live to be well over 150 years old! Lava Lizards (microlophus albemarlensis), 4. The Galapagos Islands are home to the world’s largest nesting colony of these curious birds. Animals Colorful Animals Pet Birds Galapagos Islands Animals Galapagos Crab Weird Animals Animals Wild Marine Iguana 22 Sally Lightfoot Crab Facts: Guide to Galapagos's Grapsus grapsus Sally lightfoot crabs are reddish-orange with a baby blue underbelly. Due to the uniqueness of the islands and ocean waters there are vast numbers of endemic species including: Galapagos land iguanas, marine iguana (the only iguana that feed in the sea), sea cucumbers, flightless cormorant, blue-footed booby, Galapagos mockingbirds, Galapagos Penguin, Galapagos sea lions, Galapagos hawk, great Frigatebird, waved Albatross, and over 50 species of fish. Planning a trip to the Galapagos? Sufficient to say, they are pretty light. More reading: 13 Interesting Facts About Marine Iguanas in the Galapagos. Currently based in N.S., Canada. The Galapagos Islands are located in the Pacific Ocean, 575 mi west of Ecuador, South America, and are a territory of Ecuador. Blue-footed boobies can be found along the Pacific coast, all the way from California to Peru, but the Galapagos is an amazing place to see these funny birds because half of all blue-footed boobies nest in the islands. The wildlife of the Galapagos Islands includes some of the world's most unique animals—marine iguanas, Galapagos land iguanas, blue-footed boobies, Galapagos tortoises and many others. Great & Magnificent Frigate Birds (Fregata minor & Fregata magnificens), 19. The Galapagos noddies are the largest of their kind, having a wingspan of up to 86 cm (34 in). Enjoy an incredible diversity of animals, including the largest colony of waved albatross on the Galapagos Islands. Their name is thought to have come from a Caribbean dancer, but no one really knows for sure. More reading: 11 Far Out Facts About the Blue-Footed Booby and 43 Blue-footed Booby Facts. Galapagos shark (carcharhinus galapagensis), 18. Because of their inability to plunge into water, their wings are specially designed to help them glide for long distances over the surface of the water. It is amazing to watch boobies dive into the water! The females lay up to 4 eggs – which hatch in about 2 weeks, after which both parents share in caring for the babies. Yet there are many fascinating facts about the Galapagos Islands that some people may be unaware of either before, or perhaps even after their visit. Travelers from all across the globe come here to spot the islands’ incredible variety of endemic animals. Lying in the Pacific Ocean 600 miles off Ecuador, the Galapagos Islands truly stand alone. They are very large animals, so if you angered one… well, just don’t anger one. Learn more about Sally Lightfoot crabs in our huge guide. My Favorite 15 Foods, The Best Book to Learn Spanish (Reader’s Choice 2020), 29 Vampire Fish Facts: Meet Amazon’s Payara (Hydrolycus Scomberoides), Tortuga Bay, Galapagos: 9 Things to Know Before You Visit (Climate, Location, Safety, Map…), My Visit to Hacienda Santa Ana: Cotopaxi Ecuador [Land of Jesuits & Chagras], Fur seals, as the name would suggest, have a, Sea lions prefer to lay in the sun, whereas fur seals. Galapagos sea turtle (chelonia agassizii), 16. More reading: 15 Facts About Ecuador’s Vermilion Flycatcher. The Galapagos Islands make a wonderful place to visit, and many people each year take a Galapagos Islands cruise or land-based Galapagos tour to get to see the wildlife and enjoy the unusual volcanic scenery. They are thought to weigh in the region of 250-250kg, and live longer than any other animal on the planet. Calamity will ensue. They hang out in groups around the islands, so don’t fall in with a scraped knee… kidding! Giant tortoises live only in the Galapagos and on one other island in the world (off the coast of Tanzania). Thinking about buying property? Here’s what it was like: Galapagos sea lions eat up to 45 lb (20 kg) of food every day – 70% of which is sardines. Their shell is actually part of their skeleton. Check out some of our favorite travel products. These sweet-looking gulls are the only nocturnal member of their family. Unfortunately, the weight is unknown. Learn more in our guide to waved albatross. Curious about other parts of Ecuador? The Galapagos hawk is endemic to the islands and has no natural predator. [Pictures, Videos, Recipe... Cuenca Ecuador: The Complete Guide to Living and Traveling in Cuenca, 32 Ecuador Expats Talk About Living in Ecuador, What is Ecuador’s Weather? The red-footed booby has a wider range than it’s blue footed cousin. Another interesting thing about these birds is that their mating season is different on each island. Penguins, fur seals, giant tortoises, marine iguanas, blue-footed boobies, hawks—the list is endless. 13 Best Travel Umbrellas for Rainy Cities (Compact, Windproof)... 9 Best Luggage Scales for International Travelers (Buyers Guid... 15 Ecuador Landmarks to Visit: Historical, Natural, Artisan, C... Guide to 18 Largest Cities in Ecuador (Population, Elevation, ... 16 Ecuador Desserts You Need to Try! These animals are mainly herbivorous in nature. Galapagos Sea Lion (zalophus wollebaeki), 2. Galapagos fur seal (arctocephalu galapagoensis), 15. However, some reports of these lizards being carnivorous in nature also exist. A fun Galapagos islands animals fact derives from the Flemish cartographer Abraham Ortelius, who referred to these islands as “Insulae de los Galopegos”, or “Islands of the Tortoise”. So don’t poke them with sticks or call them names. As long as you listen to your guide (you should always go on guided tours – they know Galapagos way better than any of us!) Visiting the Galápagos Islands is like walking into the middle of a wildlife documentary. It would be extremely rare to go to the Galapagos and not see most of these animals! Here’s a guide to the animals & wildlife you’re almost certain to see on a trip to the Galapagos Islands, as well as those that are harder to find. You can also find blue-footed and Nazca boobies, Darwin’s finches, sea lions, lava lizards and Galapagos hawks. They can jump and skip across the water for short distances (I remember about 3 ft) to get away from predators – or pesky sunburned tourists. They've captivated visitors since Charles Darwin visited in 1835, but how much do you really know? Many people confuse the Galapagos sea lion and the Galapagos fur seal, but once you know what to look for, they are easily distinguished. Galapagos penguin is the only species of penguin that inhabits equator and parts of northern hemisphere. When you use our links, we may earn an affiliate commission. Giant Galapagoan tortoises can weigh over 400 kg, and they can live for well over 100 years. Red footed boobies come in three color morphs and three subspecies. Swallow-tailed Gull (creagrus furcatus), 11. Your Guide To Galapagos Islands TravelVisiting the Galapagos Islands is like stepping into one of those BBC nature documentaries narrated by Sir David Attenborough. These spunky little fellows are up to 5 in (12 cm) across their carapace, and the internet has yet to know how much they weigh but 1/2 lb is a reasonable estimate. Yes, there are penguins in the Galapagos. Vermilion flycatchers are pint-sized fiery balls of spunk. They also help keep the painted locust under control on the islands. In this archipelago, which is located 600 miles off the coast of Ecuador, you can swim with sea lions, walk alongside the world’s largest tortoise, and explore dynamic, dramatic landscapes utterly unlike any other place on … you shouldn’t have any problems. The islands have thousands of plant and animal species, of which the vast majority are endemic. Females will choose a male that has the bluest feet around because they know that they are healthy and will produce the best offspring. The Galápagos Islands are a group of 19 islands and more than 100 islets and rocks in the Pacific Ocean, about 1,000km off the coast of Ecuador in South America. 2. We recommend that you bring a solid waterproof dry bag for your trip. Their relationship is symbiotic. Some of the most famous animals on the islands are the Galapagos tortoises. Lava lizards bounce up and down to attract a mate, or in an effort to look big and scary when threatened – even though they’re not much bigger than your cell phone. Maracuya: Passion Fruit Guide (Taste, 7 Benefits, How to Eat i... Tagua Nut Guide: South America’s Vegetable Ivory (Vegan,... Where are the Galapagos Islands Located? 24. There are 6 endemic species of the Galapagos Gecko (Phyllodactylus galapagoensis) and 3 species that have been introduced to the islands: Phyllodactylus reissi, Phyllodactylus tuberculosus and Lepidodactylus lugubris. Galapagos penguins mate for life and share in caring for the 2 eggs. What’s your favorite? Volcanic islands, growing out of the ocean and being home to fascinating species such as playful sea lions, fearless birds with blue or red feet – our boobies, diving Iguanas and many more. The number of islands is … 97 % of the Galapagos is a national park. There are nine species of Gecko on the Galapagos Islands. Located in the Pacific Ocean about 600 miles off the coast of Ecuador, the Galapagos Islands are truly a sight to be seen. The land iguana species has its origin in a common ancestor with the marine iguana, about 10.5 million years ago.The iguana grows up to a length of 1.5m (5 ft.) and can weight 13kg (25pounds).They are herbivores, feeding mainly on the prickly-pear cactus but eventually would feed on insects and other invertebrates. Blue-footed boobies have a wingspan of about 5 ft (1.5 m) and they are 32 in (81 cm) tall. Marine iguanas are endemic to the Galapagos and are the only iguanas that swim and feed in the ocean. Waved albatross are famous for their mating dance. Learn Galapagos Islands facts with NatGeo Expeditions. Discover their fascinating wildlife, which shows no fear of humans.Read about the islands and the dynamic geological forces that formed them, providing habitat for unusual flora and fauna found nowhere else on Earth. Because of their buggy diet, lava lizards build their homes around flowers and cacti that naturally attract their favorite courses. galapagos. Over 400 species of fish have been recognized in the Galapagos, with 41 species unique to the islands. When I visited the Galapagos, I was in heaven! Learn more about them in our guide to red-footed boobies. Like many other animals in the Galapagos, they don’t mind people. The male is a bit smaller with a soft whistle and the female is larger and has a rather funny honk. Bluer is better! Sally Lightfoot Crabs – a.k.a Red Rock Crab (Grapsus grapsus), 3. These little rainbows can run so fast that they can even seem to run on water. For me, one of the best things about visiting a new place is all the amazing animals I get to see along the way. The largest bird in the Galapagos is the waved albatross. Males are up to 8 in (20 cm) long and females up to 7 in (18 cm). Young hawks are lighter in color than the adults and have yellow-green feet and legs as well as greyish base on their beaks. Ecuador Wildlife, The males are slightly smaller than females, the Hawks can have a wingspan of up to 4 ft (120 cm). The tortoises kind of named the islands because the original explorers used the old Spanish word galapago to mean “saddle,” because the tortoiseshell was shaped like a saddle. 23. Check our our guide to Amazon Rainforest Animals. Regardless, it suits them. They love to entertain tourists with their funny dance and their brilliant blue feet. Ninety-seven percent of the islands are a national park and half of the land species (and one fifth of the marine species) are endemic to the Galapagos. Ecuador travel: There are so many places to see in Ecuador. They can be found in Central and South America, as well as Mexico and the United States. Marine iguanas can’t breathe underwater, but they can hold their breath for over 40 minutes and dive to around 30 ft (9.1 m). These are without question the world’s largest tortoises, the biggest on record is over 5 feet long (1.5 m) and 920 pounds (420 kg)! Marine Iguana (amblyrhynchus cristatus), 8. They lay only one egg at a time, and they never leave their young unattended. Galapagos sea turtles are smaller, darker, and have a more domed shell than other Pacific sea turtles. The Galapagos archipelago is perhaps one of the most bio-diverse places on earth. The climate of the Galapagos Islands is characterized by low rainfall, low humidity, and relatively low air and water temperatures. The Best 20 Gallon Fish Tank Guide – 2020, The Best Aquarium Vacuum Buyers Guide – 2020, The Best Goldfish Food Buyers Guide – 2020, The Best Aquarium Rock Buyers Guide – 2020. The blue-footed booby is definitely one of the Galapagos’ most popular animals. Here’s a guide to the best dry bags that we put together. The females will hunt farther out because they are larger and can carry more fish. The Sally Lightfoot Crabs feed (as scavengers) on a variety of algae, fresh or dead animals. Learn more about Nazca boobies in our huge post. They are true giants! They don’t seem to enjoy all the salt they suck up while feeding on algae though, because they spend a fair about of time just laying around sneezing out the excess salt. The Galapagos Islands are a living laboratory where most of the animals and birds have no fear of man. Learn more about the swallow-tailed gull in our huge post. Welcome to the Galapagos Islands! Enjoy the video, it’s fascinating!! She also writes on GringosAbroad and Storyteller Travel. These are also one of the smallest penguins in the world, weighing only 5.5 lb (2.5 kg) and being 19 in (49 cm) tall! Let us know in the comments! Here are 19 amazing Galapagos Islands animals to watch for on your next trip! The Manzanillo apple tree is native to the islands and has poisonous fruit. However, you may not see them because they blend into the lava very well. 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